You wait for years for one to come along… then you get two reviews of The Garden in one year! Well, I don’t look gift horses in the mouth (I don’t look any kind of horses in the mouth) so here is a look at Gardens Illustrated and The Garden from David Wong.
Anne Wareham, editor
What does a gardener look like these days? Much like what most people in the past who gardened, I imagine. This is no bad thing. There are enduring archetypes in literature and art, like the Clown or the Star-Crossed Lovers, and in gardening it’s the Geoff Hamilton and the Vita Sackville-West. One is the kindly Everyman - perhaps comfortably moth-eaten – and likely to offer you a Werther’s Original, whilst the other is the Grande Dame presiding over her garden with a keen sense of style, form and colour.
You could perhaps have a passable parlour game on a wet afternoon playing “Geoff or Vita?”
Alan Titchmarsh? A Geoff.
Beth Chatto? Definitely a Vita.
Carol Klein, Monty Don and Christine Walkden? Geoff, Geoff, Geoff.
Christopher Lloyd, Piet Oudolf and Penelope Hobhouse? All Vitas.
And what about magazines? The Garden and Gardens Illustrated are the Geoff and Vita of this piece. They’re both big hitters in the gardening section of the news stands – except that in the case of The Garden, the Royal Horticultural Society (by and large) distributes the magazine to RHS members through the post rather than selling it on the shelves alongside Gardens Illustrated and other magazines. You would think that this makes The Garden less beholden to the need for a loud ‘read me!’ cover and layout, but in any case it underwent a redesign a year ago with the promise that the “Refreshed layout makes practical information more accessible, and helps bring gardens and plants to life on the page.” I worry that they may have confused being busy for being fresh.
The old design was more elegant, more readable and more focused. The actual substance of the content hasn’t really changed, but in the new design it has to compete with a restless approach to the typography and the pictures. There is a tendency to use too many variations in the text than is comfortable for one page, and to use italics unaccountably. Also, pictures often overlap with one another rather than being given their own space, and word and picture can intrude on each other so it can lead to the pages feeling crowded and fussy. The previous grid layout – along with the content being structured in clearly defined sections – made the magazine easier to navigate. Now, it has been given a personality.
Still, The Garden has the largest circulation of any gardening magazine and its content has a wide, well-earned appeal. In the September issue, there are articles looking at a National Collection of gunneras; at the diverse crops being grown by expat allotment holders in the Midlands (Lablab beans anybody?); and there’s an article attempting to rehabilitate the poor buddleia’s reputation as a weedy shrub that’s most at home on waste ground. There is also a lot of practical advice on things like which plants provide good autumn nectar for bees and butterflies and which winter crops to sow in September.
The Comment section of The Garden often carries opinion pieces that make a welcome change from the gardening mantras that get repeated in lazy garden writing. In her article this month, Mary Keen challenges how focal points are sometimes used, “Traditional urns and statues are misfits now, unless you happen to live in a stately home. If you check Google Images for inspiration for focal points in garden design you get the plonkiest thing I ever saw. A straight path leading to a statement conifer, via a circle enclosing a birdbath. [...] I want to be led on. Not stopped dead in my tracks by some horticultural equivalent of a policeman holding up his hand.”
As Mary Keen’s article shows, it would be wrong to say that The Garden doesn’t do design, but there is a definite difference in its approach when you compare it with Gardens Illustrated. If you look at the cover of the September issue of Gardens Illustrated, the lead is a garden by the Dutch designer Piet Oudolf. He shares the cover with Tom Stuart-Smith, Dan Pearson, Sarah Price, Arne Maynard and Cleve West – essentially, a garden designer’s version of Top Trumps. Where The Garden includes design as one of its topics, Gardens Illustrated has design baked into its pages.
It’s a stretch to say that Gardens Illustrated is the Vogue of gardening magazines – gardening is not fashion – but nevertheless, it’s a useful caricature. Gardens Illustrated has a little more glamour and a little more cosmopolitan chic than The Garden.
As well as featuring gardens in Essex and Wiltshire, September’s Gardens Illustrated also takes in Germany, the Netherlands and California. It might well be argued that these exquisite gardens are perpetuating some sort of ideal that is unattainable for you and me, but I think that misses the point. The well-trodden arguments about haute couture also apply here. The gardens are, on the whole, expensive and most of us aren’t about to go and spend five figures on our own patch. As with the elite in any field, there can be a bubble of ridiculous, rarefied smugness that deserves to be popped.
“The only problem with having a garden designed by Tom Stuart-Smith is that so many people want to see it… I feel terribly guilty if I don’t keep on top of the weeds.” Oh, the bother!
The humanitarian considerations of the plight of those with gardens designed by top designers notwithstanding, it’s a good thing that Gardens Illustrated showcases these gardens. They will influence which plants we choose for our own gardens and the way that we put those plants together. The zeitgeist for naturalistic prairie-style planting, ornamental meadows and giving proper thought to combining plants that enjoy similar conditions has all filtered through from the likes of Piet Oudolf and Beth Chatto. This summer we have seen the triumph of Nigel Dunnett’s meadows at the Olympic Park. No doubt it will be re-interpreted in other large-scale plantings in public spaces.
Piet Oudolf’s style of using grasses has certainly fed through to every aspect of gardening. In the past week, I drove past a public bedding display of grasses organised in serried ranks, with the grasses taking the regimented place of the more traditional marigolds and begonias. It ran completely counter to the relaxed prairie style, but I found it an endearing abomination and it was surely the truest sign that the ideas have been entirely assimilated.
There is a related question flowing from this about the role of the magazine. Whilst it is appropriate that Gardens Illustrated leads the design agenda by featuring these gardens, does it perhaps have a responsibility to do so with more of a critical eye? I don’t feel that it ever spills over into being fawning; the pieces are considered, but it is rare to find any criticism. The danger is that by flinching from pointing out mistakes and explaining why something doesn’t work, we let bad ideas take root and spread. Whether this matters or not depends on how you see gardening. First, there are those who garden as a pure hobby, who pay little regard to aesthetics. Second are those who keep an eye on the trends and enjoy playing about with the prevailing design ideas in their own gardens. And then there are those gardeners who want to evoke a particular experience in visitors, beyond being just pleasant. The further along this range that you are, from hobby to fashion to art (and none is preferable over any other), the more it matters that bad ideas are weeded out. Magazines have to tread a fine line in catering to these different readers and I suspect that there are few readers of either The Garden or Gardens Illustrated who fall into the last camp so the editors probably don’t feel any particular pressure to provide effective criticism. Perhaps there is a niche for a more intellectual magazine that holds designers and their gardens under a more critical eye.
Both The Garden and Gardens Illustrated are good publications and both are magazines that I personally have a subscription for. There is a difference in temperament and style, for sure. You can settle down with The Garden as you can with any of Mary Berry’s recipe books, knowing it is going to be all right. Gardens Illustrated on the other hand is a source of inspiration. It sells ideals and aspirations. Above all though, both magazines unite in celebrating plants and gardens and the people behind them, whether you’re a Geoff or a Vita.
David Wong’s website
And Rummaging in the Archive ; Tim Richardson on real gardeners and garden design